DNB CTVS Questions – June 2016

JUNE 2016

PAPER – I

1. a)  Classification of Antiarrhythmic drugs
b)  Management of ventricular arrhythmias. 4+6
2. Anatomy of Tracheo-bronchial tree  with special emphasis on:
a)  Carina b)  Endoscopic anatomy
c)  Relations of left and right bronchus
d)  Difference  between  broncho-pulmonary  segments  of  left and right side 2+3+3+2
3. Myocardial preservation with special reference to:
a)  Temperature – warm versus cold cardioplegia
b)  Antegrade versus retrograde cardioplegia
c)  Crystalloid versus blood cardioplegia 3+4+3
4. Vulnerable plaque with special emphasis  on:
a)  Pathology b)  Chemical composition c)  Identification 3+3+4
5. a)  Embryology of development of aortic arches
b)  Vascular ring  anomalies   5+5
6. Foetal circulation with special emphasis on  4+3+3
a)  Normal anatomy b)  Changes at birth c)  Physiological consequences
7. a)  Univariate  versus multivariate analysis
b)  Mean Versus mode c)  Z Score
d)  Relevance of ‘p’ value 3+3+2+2
8. Antibiotics in cardiac surgery:
a)  Perioperative prophylaxis
b)  Infective endocarditis prophylaxis: when and how?
c)  Early prosthetic valve endocarditis 3+4+3
9. Cardiopulmonary Bypass:
a)  Deleterious effects b)  Role of WBC
c)  Alphastat and pH stat strategy d)  Hypothermia 3+2+3+2
10. .a)  Assessment   of   pulmonary   arterial   pressure   on   Echo-cardiography:
b)  Speckle tracking c)  Spontaneous Echo contrast
d)  Myocardial viability tests 2+2+2+4

PAPER – II: JUNE 2016
1. Aortic valve repair: a)  Indications b)  Various techniques c)  Frater’s stitch 3+5+2
2. Non-coronary beating heart surgery: a)  Indications b)  Techniques c)  Complications 5+3+2
3. Tricuspid valve: a)  Anatomy b)  Relation with A-V Node c)  Various techniques of repair
d)  Anatomy in Ebstein’s anomaly 2+2+3+3
4. Heart failure: a)  Classification b)  Enumerate non transplant surgical therapies c)  Role of mechanical circulatory support d)  Types of ECMO 2+3+3+2
5. Atrial fibrillation: a)  Classification b)  Energy sources for ablation c)  Surgical techniques d)  Results 3+2+3+2
6. Tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve: a)  Clinical presentations b) Pathology c)  Management 3+3+4
7. Constrictive pericarditis; a)  Etiopathology b)  Differentiation with restrictive cardiomyopathy c)  Surgical approaches d)  Complications 2+3+3+2
8. One and half ventricle repair: a)  Indications b)  Surgical results 5+5
9. Cardiac tumors: a)  Cardiac tumours in childhood b)  Familial myxoma complex 5+5
10. Mechanical complications of myocardial infarctions: a)  Etiopathogenesis b)  Enumerate various complications c)  Management of mitral regurgitation and its result 3+3+4
PAPER – III JUNE 2016
1. Minimally invasive cardiac surgery:
a) Indications. b)  Arterial and venous access. c)  Aortic clamping techniques. d)  De-airing techniques. 2+2+3+3
2. Thoracic outlet syndrome:
a) Diagnosis. b)  Indications of surgery. c)  Various surgical
approaches. 3+2+5
3. Chronic empyema thoracis:
a) Treatment options. b)  Decortications. c)  Management of residual space by various thoracoplasty.  2+3+5
4. Deep vein thrombosis:
a) Approach to diagnosis  b)  Differential diagnosis c)  Treatment 4+3+3
5. a)  Endovascular techniques in aortic aneurysm management. b)  Elephant trunk technique.
c)  Cerebral protection in aortic arch surgery. 4+3+3
6. Solitary pulmonary nodule:
a) Differential diagnosis. b)  Approach to diagnosis. c)  Management algorithm. 3+3+4P.T.O.
7. a)  PARTNER II A trial. b)  STICH trial. 5+5
8. a)  Oesophageal motility disorders diagnosis. b)  Oesophageal  manometry.  c)  Modified Heller’s operation. 4+3+3
9. a)  Propensity Score matching: b)  Levels of evidence. c)  Risk stratification. d)  3D Printing. 2+2+3+3
10. a)  Embryological development of diaphragm. b)  Types of congenital  diaphragmatic hernias. c)  Management of Bochdalek hernia. d)  Postoperative    diaphragmatic    palsy    after    open    heart surgery. 2+2+3+3

Author: what2talk

Myself, Dr. Sibashankar Kar, doing my Cardiothoracic Surgery in Sir Ganga Ram Hospital. The purpose I have made this website is to discuss on the topics of cardiology and cardiac surgery as a whole with their complexities.

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